Atma Bodha Verses 21-30
Self enquiry is the prime ways of Self knowledge. If you discover, there’s just ‘I’ as well as everything else is ‘this’. Scriptures refers the expertise of ‘I’ as para vidya and ‘this’ as apara vidya or ‘Atma, anatma’ viveka.
Atma, the internal presence is different from the body, senses, mind, intellect as well as the outside appearing world. It is pure without an organization with anything else.
The Truth, Atman has no features, an oblivious, not recognizing the true Self, errors Atman to be filled with tasks, gunas as well as emotions.
Every body goes through six variations birth, growth, alteration, condition, degeneration and also death, called (Shat vikaram). Atman is the witness of all drama, like a target market enjoying a play, unaffected by the situations taking place in the play yet as a result of lack of knowledge we superimpose the formless atman with form, form, size and color, sorrow and also joy.
Atma is nithya, when a death happens, the physique combines with its resource, 5 elements. The warmth of the body merges with the component fire, the body bloats and the water exudes out to combine with the universal water, the matter with planet, the air with the outside air, minimal area occupied by the body with the universal room, just like the space of a pot that breaks merges with the global space.
The instance given up this verse is that the room is not blue yet shows up blue to our limited vision, so also Atma seems acting and also experiencing while Atma’s existence alone triggers whatever. Not even a blade of grass can relocate the absence of THAT Supreme presence. The entire universe would certainly come to a standstill in its absence. The gist of this knowledgeable is that Atman is not the physical body.
Just like body’s activities are laid over on the immutable Atman, so likewise whatever psychological also lays over in the Atman. This results from lack of knowledge of truth Self much like not recognizing the rope, the serpent is superimposed on the rope.
The atman, the supreme Awareness is not included with any type of task. It’s Akarta. The mind features since it’s is illumined by that supreme existence.
Due to ripples in the waterbody, the reflected moon seems damaged, while the moon is completely uninterrupted, so likewise, the Atman is uninterrupted by the activities of all conditionings, upadhis. (body, senses, mind, intelligence as well as deep space). This confirms that the mind is not Atman.
The inquiry increased by the sincere seeker is ‘Just how can the atma be akartha, abogta?’ Not the doer or the enjoyer?
Acharya Adi Sankara expounds the response in this verse.
Satisfaction & pain, appetite & thirst, success & failure, triumph & defeat, rage, anxiety, regret, concern, love … all polarities are experienced in the waking state, when both body & mind are operating and also in dream state when the mind alone is energetic.
In deep sleep, the physical body, the senses, mind, intelligence all dissolves because One existence. Everybody abundant, bad, king, beggar all experience the very same tranquility in deep rest. These thoughts, feelings, emotions are of the mind, not to the Atman.
Just like the Sun’s presence alone activates the birds to tweet, the buds flower, triggers beings to be energetic, but the Sunlight is refraining anything so also, the Atman’s presence alone activates the BMI devices to function and Atman is the witness. Again, this verse reiterates that Atman is the onlooker of the feelings and feelings of the mind.
Verse 24 emphasis that the Atma has no body, feelings, actions, suches as & dislikes and also this Atma is superimposed by anatma! Anything that’s not Atma is Anathma!
( Adyaropam/Abhavadam). Not only the Reality is concealed yet its also predicted in different ways.
The hunter suggests the inquiry, ‘Just how do I know atma? What’s ITs lakshana? Individuality?’
Atman is Sat- Chit-Ananda, Existence-Consciousness-Bliss.
’ Sat’ -‘ Presence’ right here refers to constantly (Trikale), does not refer to Past, Existing and Future but prior to Expertise, when recognized and also after obtaining expertise. For ex-spouse: When we serpent is seen on a rope, the rope existed prior to the snake was seen, when recognized that it is not the snake and also when recognized it is the rope.
’ Tab’ is jnanam … ‘Expertise’, The body is made of 5 aspects so additionally every look. These 5 aspects have no knowledge, they are inert, jadam. They don’t know they exist where as you understand you exist! Just how? Since you’re that Satchidananda swaroopaha! Self illuminating Atman. You don’t require a light or a pointer to understand you exist!
All beings have expertise at various percentages, ants, eagle, pets, humans, but others do not understand they exist except people.
’ Anandam’ is limitless Joy, Happiness. It’s not the pleasure or happiness that’s experienced because of the things around which are polarity by nature. Atman is timeless Bliss, Niradisaya anandham.
Ex: Just like the feature of sugar is pleasant, the essence of water is coolness, and the heat is of fire, brightness/luminosity are of the Sun, so additionally Atman is Infinity (sat, forever), Pure (nirmala, without any characteristics), Awareness, Bliss, is You !!
If you remain in a pitch dark area or in a cavern, you know you exist. How?
Atman is Satchitananda, the Sat swaroopa shows in the pure intelligence, which is described in Sanskrit as ‘Aabhasam’. This representation develops the vibration in the mind/intellect devices.
When we see an item, a resonance of that object is produced in our mind. This resonance is ‘Vritti jnanam’, buddhi vritti, like the waves in the waterbody. Both the vibration and also the reflection are needed to gain expertise of anything that’s seen.
An aviveki, ignorant (not able to separate the atman from anatman, Brahman from an appearance), says ‘I understand’, definition, the reflection of the atman, is laid over on the atman as well as referred to as ‘I recognize’. That ‘I’ right here is described vanity, additionally called ‘aham kara vritti’, not the Atman.
For ex lover: When the Suns rays, fall on a rock, it does not mirror the sunlight’s rays, a water body mirrors however the representation is not very clear, whereas a clean mirror shows the Sunlight plainly however even the mirror can show just when the light drops on it, does not do it immediately.
Acharya shares in this verse that the intellect needs to be as clear as the mirror without any pollutants, (Nirmalam) which are described as the desires, temper, jealousy, concern, guilt, concern for the Atman to mirror in it.
Every being is a mix of three gunas, Satva, rajas, tamas. Intellect is Satva, like a clear mirror, rajas is organs of activity, (five karmendriyas), body organs of understanding, (5 jnanendriyas), five air sheath, (five pranas), and tamas is the physical body.
We restrict the atma by saying ‘I’m below’, when Atma is all suffusing, (Vibhuhu, Vishnu), ‘I hesitate or mad’ is an association with the mind, ‘I am starving as well as thirsty’ are with pranas, not of Atman. These feelings, ideas are of the mind, while the eternal Satchitananda is Knowledge itself.
Atma has no measurements or alterations, (Arupam, Avikari), whereas the intelligence is inert, like a mirror that can not mirror the Sunlight on its own without the visibility of Sunlight.
Due to ignorance, not knowing the Self, the jivan sees the atman as the doer and refers ‘I am consuming, I am doing’, the ‘I’ to Atman.
Such a jivan, ignorant (muhyan) penetrates samsara, the cycle of birth & death.
Atman never does anything (avikari) as well as intellect has no ability to experience ‘I know’. But the uniqueness in us as a result of delusion, considers oneself as the seer as well as the knower.
Atman is the substratum of every little thing, the changeless behind all changes like the water in the waves of the sea. Waves have no separate presence. Atman is not affected by the rise and fall of waves, by the modifications caused in the field of area as well as time.
Due to the enlightening Awareness, there’s an understanding of the different items. Ideas waves after waves of grief, dejection misery delight success failure temper passion, he that understands the knower of these waves is not affected.
When a specific sees the serpent on the rope, quickly he is taken control of by worry. Below the individual has actually laid over the snake on the rope so likewise the anatman, the seen are laid over on atman, referred as ‘parasapara adhyasam’, interchanged.
The physique experiences adjustments, ‘shat vikaram’, 6 adjustments- presence, birth, growth, condition, degeneration and also fatality, while Atma is nithya, ever before existing. Not knowing the Self, there’s a fear, I am unwell, I suffer, I may pass away, I am pointless. Limitations of the subject ‘I’ is the worry.
The mind/intellect tools is additionally inert, can not function by itself much like even a clear mirror can not mirror the Sunlight by itself, but Atman is Self illuminating. So long as the idea of separateness, recognition with body exists, the misconception exists. Know that I am not this restricted being, I am paramartha, Self, supreme Self.
Once the seeker acknowledges the real Self, also as simple theoretical understanding, wakes up from very own constraints as well as uncovers himself to be the timeless bliss reclaims fearlessness.
Atma is One self lighting Presence that illumines the body, detects, mind, intellect and deep space like lamp that lights up all pots yet pots can not light up the light. So also, Atma can not be understood by anathma, implying atman is not outside, go deeper within.
The really fact that we see things, stresses that the Atman, seer LAGS as the substratum.
Ex-spouse: Like a road lamp is not influenced by the wedding or funeral on the road, a mail person is not affected by the message that gets provided so additionally Atman is not affected.
Acharya restates the exact verse 28 with a various instance to stress the point.
Nonetheless dark it perhaps ‘I’m’, nothing is needed to know Self. IT is Self enlightening, (svayam prakashana), Knowledge, (jnana rupa), does not alter, (nirvikara), Ever present, (nithyam), One Without a second (Ekam)!
Whatever in this cosmos is visible as a result of the light from the lamp that shines on them. Yet to understand that light, we don’t need one more lamp, that light is self illuminating. Similarly to recognize your presence you do not require an additional tool. Self illuminates itself!
The applicant, ‘poorvapakshi’ raises the concern, ‘How do I understand that atman?’ This verse reacts. The only method to get this Self knowledge (Atma bodham) is to negate those that are not atman, what remains is Atman alone.
When you make a tea, you filter to get drinkable tea, when you filter water to obtain clear water to get rid of impurities. You require to know what are impurities and also what requires to be gotten rid of. So additionally remove all the non-atman and atman will certainly self light up!’ Not this, not this’ (‘ Internet neti ithi … ‘).
The only method is to examine the bibles with the assistance of an expert, who can describe the mahavakyas that proves that jivatman and paramatman (atman and also brahman) are Identical.